Montenegro is then governed before the
independence of the socialist party DPS, which formed a
government with various small parties. DPS is dominated
by Milo Šukanović who has been head of government for
several times. After the 2016 parliamentary elections,
Šukanović relinquished the Prime Minister's post to his
trusted Duško Marković, but he ran for president two
years later and won in the first round. Both Šukanović
and Marković are pursuing a Western-friendly policy,
which since its inclusion in NATO in 2017, has EU
membership as its primary objective.
To be able to form a government after the October
2016 parliamentary elections, Duško Marković must bring
the small left-wing Social Democrats (SD) and three
small parties representing the Bosnian, Albanian and
Croatian minorities. By contrast, the largest ethnic
minority group, the Serbs, is in opposition. The members
of the opposition parties boycotted the new parliament
from the beginning, as they felt that voting fraud had
taken place. The election was also marred by rumors of
strong Russian support for the opposition parties, which
oppose Šukanović's Western-friendly policy and, above
all, the forthcoming NATO membership.
Country facts and history of Montenegro, including state flag, location map, demographics, GDP data, currency code, and business statistics.
The election was also disturbed by what was described
as an averted terrorist attack. A group led by a former
head of the Serbian Special Forces, with Russian
support, tried to take over Parliament and install "an
appropriate party". The group should also have intended
to arrest (and even kill) the then Prime Minister Milo
Šukanović. However, the plan was revealed and around 20
people were arrested the day before the election. The
opposition claims that it was all staged by the
government to discredit the opponents and Russia has
denied all allegations of involvement. In May 2019, 13
people were convicted of the coup attempt, including two
Montenegrin opposition leaders and two Russian
intelligence officers (see Calendar).
Duško Marković and his government have a number of
problems to deal with. The events surrounding the
parliamentary elections indicate increased political
uncertainty in the country, but they really only reflect
contradictions that have existed ever since the
referendum on independence in 2006, when a large
minority wanted to continue "cohabitation" with Serbia
(see Modern history). To the political turmoil comes the
economic. Admittedly, the economy has been relatively
good since the mid-2010s. However, the differences
within the country are large, where those living along
the coast have been able to benefit from the growing
tourism while the inland residents have not received the
same part of the development.
Major problems also continue to be widespread
corruption and organized crime. The World Heritage City
of Kotor has been hit by a series of armed clashes
between rival drug gangs, and there is concern that
tourists will be scared away. More recently, a large
number of gang murders, car bombs and wildfires have
occurred in the capital Podgorica. The wave of violence
has also got security officials who previously wanted to
tone down the problem of expressing concern over the
consequences of the settlements in the underworld. The
violence became a dominant theme for the April 2018
presidential election, giving the opposition ammunition
against the ruling party's candidate, Milo Šukanović.
However, that was not enough to stop Šukanović, the
country's dominant political force.
Šukanović first announced a month before the
presidential election that he intended to stand,
although the message hardly aroused surprise. He already
won the first round of elections. Šukanović has always
remained on the scene as party chairman in DPS and has
repeatedly returned to power after self-withdrawal. With
Šukanović's victory, political weight is expected to be
moved to the presidential post.
Follow the ongoing development of the Calendar.
FACTS - POLITICS
Crna Gora / Montenegro
Head of State
President Milo Šukanović (2018–)
Head of government
Prime Minister Duško Marković (2016–)
Most important parties with mandates in the
Democratic Socialist Party (DPS) + Montenegro's
Liberal Party (LPCG) 36, Democratic Front (DF) 18, Key
Coalition 9, Democratic Montenegro 8, Bosniak Party (BS)
/ Forca / Croatian Initiative (HGI) 4, Montenegro Social
Democratic Party (SPD) 4, Montenegro Social Democrats
(SD) 2 (2016)
Main parties with mandates in the second most
Coalition for a European Montenegro 39, Democratic
Front 20, Socialist People's Party 9, Positive
Montenegro 7, Bosniak Party 3, Croatian Citizens'
Initiative 1, New Democratic Force 1, Albanian Coalition
73% in the 2016 parliamentary elections, 64% in the
2018 presidential elections
parliamentary elections 2020, presidential elections
Collaboration with NATO
Montenegro becomes a member of NATO's Partnership for Peace (PFF) cooperation
program with Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina.
New prime minister takes office
Milo Đukanović resigns and succeeds a month later as Prime Minister by party
comrade Željko Šturanović, formally to devote himself to his business. However,
he remains as party leader for DPS.
DPS wins the election
The government coalition under DPS leader Milo Đukanović gets absolute
majority with 41 out of 81 seats in the first parliamentary elections following
the declaration of independence.
The military duty is abolished
The general military duty is abolished. A smaller, professional army should
instead be built up.
Montenegro becomes a UN member
Montenegro becomes the UN's 192nd member. Serbia, with which Montenegro
entered into a union before independence, retains Yugoslavia's place in the
Montenegro proclaims independence
Montenegro becomes a sovereign state. This is done after a referendum on May
21, where a majority voted for Montenegro to leave the Union of Serbia and
Montenegro and become independent. Jasidan received 55.5 percent while 44.5
percent voted for continued union with Serbia. Jasidan's victory was scarce, as
it was decided in advance that 55 percent support was required for independence
to become a fact. The turnout is 86.5 percent.