Slovenia has long been regarded as the most
stable of the countries that arose during the
disintegration of Yugoslavia, but has in recent years
been characterized by political instability. Three
consecutive parliamentary elections have been announced
prematurely and in all cases newly formed parties became
government leaders. In March 2020, however, the large
right-wing party SDS returned to office and Janez Janša
again became prime minister.
In the parliamentary elections held in June 2018, the
right-wing Slovenian Democratic Party (SDS) became the
largest. But from the other parties, only the small
Christian Democratic New Slovenia (NSI) was initially
willing to cooperate with SDS. Party leader Janez Janša
had played on xenophobic strings during the election
campaign and was supported by, among others, Hungary's
right-wing nationalist Prime Minister Viktor Orbán.
There was strong criticism among the other parties and
Janša failed to form government.
Country facts and history of Slovenia, including state flag, location map, demographics, GDP data, currency code, and business statistics.
Just over two months after the election, the
assignment went to the leader of the second largest
party, Marjan Šarec. He was supported in Parliament to
form a minority government with four smaller parties and
the support of the Left (see Calendar). The new
government was approved by Parliament in September 2018.
The 40-year-old former comedian Šarec became the
country's youngest head of government since independence
in 1991. He had struck an EU-friendly tone, unlike Janša
who dismissed the new government as "a waste of time".
However, after just over a year, the Left Party
withdrew its support for the government and a few months
later, in January 2020, Marjan Šarec announced his
departure. His hope was that President Borut Pahor would
announce yet another new election, and that his own
party would then strengthen his position. Higher growth
and increased pensions and wages had contributed to the
government's relative popularity among voters.
But first, the 2018 election winner, SDS leader Janez
Janša, again had to try to form a government. He has
somewhat downplayed right-wing nationalist rhetoric, and
this time he succeeded: in March 2020, an SDS-led
majority government was finalized. It includes two
parties that were also part of the outgoing government -
the left-wing party SMC and the retirement party Desus -
as well as the Christian Democratic NSI.
The new government took office at the same time as
the corona pandemic became a fact in the world. Croatia
largely closed down and at least initially the spread of
infection in the country was relatively limited. By the
end of May, around 100 people had died in covid-19.
Janez Janša could thus come back as prime minister,
despite being a relatively contentious person. Janša was
prime minister from 2004 to 2008 and returned in 2012,
but was forced to resign the following year. He was
sentenced to two years in prison for bribery in
connection with a gun deal. After six months in prison,
however, Janša was set free and in 2015 the
Constitutional Court ruled that the evidence was
defective, and ordered a new trial. A few months later,
a district court dismissed the indictment, citing that
the suspected crime was prescribed after ten years.
Janša and Ljubljana's mayor Zoran Janković also got
right in the Constitutional Court when they claimed that
their rights were violated when they were appointed by
an anti-corruption commission in 2013.
The suspicions and the verdict against Janša
triggered repeated protests in Ljubljana for a couple of
years by SDS supporters who considered him subject to
Follow the ongoing development of the Calendar.
FACTS - POLITICS
Republic of Slovenia / Republic of Slovenia
republic, unitary state
Head of State
President Borut Pahor (2012–)
Head of government
Prime Minister Janez Janša (2020–)
Most important parties with mandates in the
Slovenian Democratic Party (SDS) 25, Marjan Šarec's
list (LMS) 13, Social Democrats (SD) 10, Modern Center
Party (SMC) 10, Left (L) 9, New Slovenia (NSI) 7, Alenka
Bratušek's party (SAB) 5, Democratic Pensioners Party (Desus)
5, Slovenian Nationalist Party (SNS) 4, others 2 (2018)
Main parties with mandates in the second most
Miro Cerar's Party (SMC) 36, Slovenian Democratic
Party (SDS) 21, Democratic Retirement Party (Desus) 10,
Social Democrats (SD) 6, Coalition United Left (ZL) 6,
New Slovenia (NSI) 5, Alenka Bratušek's Alliance (Zaab)
4, other 2 (2014) 1
52% in the 2018 parliamentary elections
parliamentary elections 2022, presidential elections
- Miro Cerars party, SMC, changed its name to
Moderna centerpartiet, SMC Sources in 2015
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Slovenia in the euro zone
Slovenia joins the European Monetary Union EMU. The same year, the country
becomes a member of the Schengen cooperation and passport controls at the
borders against the other Schengen countries are abolished.
Slovenia supports Kosovo
President Drnovšek expresses support for Kosovo's right to independence.
Protests against flat taxes
Thousands of people are demonstrating in the capital against the government's
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